By Kevin P. Spicer
In recent times, the masks of tolerant, secular, multicultural Europe has been shattered by means of new kinds of antisemitic crime. even though a lot of the perpetrators don't profess Christianity, antisemitism has flourished in Christian Europe. during this booklet, 13 students of eu historical past, Jewish stories, and Christian theology study antisemitism's insidious position in Europe's highbrow and political lifestyles. The essays display that annihilative antisemitic notion was once now not restricted to Germany, yet may be present in the theology and liturgical perform of so much of Europe's Christian church buildings. They dismantle the declare of a contrast among Christian anti-Judaism and neo-pagan antisemitism and express that, on the middle of Christianity, hatred for Jews overwhelmingly shaped the milieu of 20th-century Europe.
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Extra resources for Antisemitism, Christian Ambivalence, and the Holocaust
However, this did not imply any kind of immunity against Belated Heroism 13 racism, neither in a historical perspective nor in regard to present problems and debates. ’’ Furthermore, traditions of xenophobia and racism can be traced back to a deﬁnition of Danishness that amalgamated ethnic and religious criteria: in this context, Lutheran pastors had repeatedly provided the key arguments by mobilizing the resistance against an extension of Jewish rights or even explicitly arguing against Jewish emancipation on religious grounds.
While Balslev purported to have the main objective to refute racist antisemitism and to reject racial theories and generalizing accusations against all German Jews, he still presented the ongoing disenfranchisement and persecution of Jews as the battle between two peoples. In Balslev’s twisted worldview, one should refute racial antisemitism because it deﬁed conversion, God’s solution to the Jewish question. Nevertheless, he held that antisemitic perceptions, attitudes, and practices were legitimate since they constituted Germans’ defense against the detrimental inﬂuence of Jews on the economy and culture.
Balslev described the latter as rootless and unfettered by national or cultural loyalties. In essence, he argued that these assimilated Jews failed to hold even a general sense of responsibility for the progress of the nation in which they lived. Therefore, these Jews became a great challenge to every society. Despite this obstacle, Danes had a strong sense of inner balance, of national unity, and of forceful ethnic cohesion that enabled them to integrate foreigners and make them fruitful participants in Danish culture.