By Peter Burleigh, Paul Skandera
This can be a absolutely built-in path booklet geared toward universi-ty scholars of English within the German-speaking zone. It offers a staged and obviously built introducti directly to the idea of pronunciati on mixed with a wealth of transcripti on workouts and an accompanying CD. The e-book calls for no past wisdom of linguisti cs. From the outset, it explains key techniques in easy-to-understand language, highlights key words within the textual content for simple re-view, and provides translati ons of a number of the phrases into German. Additi onally, a thesaurus presents scholars with a convenient quickly reference. The transcripti on routines gui-de scholars from exploratory projects to simple transcripti directly to the extra hard transcripti on of ordinary discussion, and all routines are provided with annotated soluti ons. The publication is thoroughly divided into classes and workouts that are controlled in 12 two-hour sessions, leaving sufficient ti me for evaluation and examinati on in a college time period of 14 weeks or more.
"a good dependent and easy-to-follow introducti directly to the fundamentals of the speculation of pronunciati on, observed by means of a delicately designed set of practi cal workouts and a step by step transcripti on course"
(Snezhina Dimitrova, Linguist checklist)
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Extra info for A Manual of English Phonetics and Phonology: Twelve Lessons with an Integrated Course in Phonetic Transcription (Narr Studienbucher)
The speakers of these languages may thus find it difficult to pronounce unstressed syllables when they learn English. It should be added that some linguists analyse the schwa as a pronunciation variant (pertaining to parole or performance) of all English vowel phonemes in unstressed syllables, rather than as a phoneme in its o w n right. l and /ae/ seem to be neutralised, or reduced, to a schwa. The schwa is therefore sometimes called a n e u t r a l vowel, or reduced vowel. The vowel chart II If we now look at the English vowel chart again, we can easily see h o w certain vowels are similar to each other, and how they differ.
Ing diphthongs in English, 3 move towards /i/, namely /ei/ as in face, /ai/ as in mind, and hi/ as in voice. The symbols representing the first elements of /ai/ and h\i are new to us because the corresponding sounds are not m o n o p h t h o n g phonemes of RP. T h e articulation of [a] is similar to / A / , except that it is more open and more front. A n d [o] is articulated exactly like h:l, but it is shorter, as the missing length mark indicates. T h e 2 remaining closing diphthongs move towards hi, namely hd as in nose and / a o / as in mouth.
A n o t h e r interesting regularity is that all five tense, long vowels have lax, short c o u n t e r parts that are roughly articulated in the same manner. We have already encountered o n e such pair, namely o/, where there is practically no difference in the manner of a r t i c ulation (and sound quality) at all. The difference between these two sounds, in terms o f articulatory phonetics, lies merely in their length and, as we now know, in the i n t e n s i t y of their articulation. We also know, however, that a difference in length is normally a c companied by a difference in sound quality.